Poomse (Forms) PDF Print E-mail

The Poomse (forms) are logical arrangements of various fundamental movements of Tae Kwon Do. Each form consists of a specific number of movements to be performed in a sequential pattern, beginning always with a blocking technique and ending with an attacking one. These must be practiced until they can be executed with precision and coordination.  Every movement has its own meaning and function. During the performance of a Poomse, the student should imagine himself to be surrounded by opponents and should be prepared to execute defensive and offensive techniques in any direction.

TAEGEUK 1 (IL) JANG - Taeguek 1 Jang is a series of actions applying the principle of Keon of 8 symbols.  Keon represents heaven and light. Heaven gives us rain and the sun gives us light and makes things grow. Therefore, Keon is the beginning of everything on earth and the source of creation. Keon symbol is the powerful and manly symbol. It can be compared to a dragon going up to heaven from it's living place on Earth. In analogy, Taegeuk begins with Keon, namely the Heaven.

TAEGEUK 2 (YEE) JANG - Taeguek 2 Jang is a series of actions applying the principle of Tae of 8 Symbols. Tae means joyfulness. This is the state in which One's mind is kept firm and ostensibly appears gentle so that smile and virtue prevail. Accordingly, this action should be performed gently but forcefully.

TAEGEUK 3 (SAHM) JANG - Taeguek 3 Jang is a series of actions applying the principle of Ri of 8 symbols. Ri means fire and sun. What distinguishes man from animal is that man knows how to use fire. Burning fire gives man light, warmth, enthusiasm and hope. Taegeuk 3 Jang actions, accordingly, should be performed with variety and passion.

TAEGEUK 4 (SAH) JANG - Taeguek 4 Jang is a series of actions applying the principle of Jin of 8 symbols. Jin symbolizes thunder. Thunder and lightning are the objects of fear and trembling. This principle suggests to us that we should act calmly and bravely even in the face of danger and fear. Then the blue sky and bright sunlight will appear again.

TAEGEUK 5 (OH) JANG - Taeguek 5 Jang is a series of actions applying the Seon principle of 8 symbols. This symbol is wind. There are such horrible winds as typhoons, storms, and tornadoes but the nature of wind is gentle. Spring breezes caress weeping willows. Wind symbolizes a humble state of mind. It expresses repetitive good-natured actions. Actions proceed sometimes gently and monotonously as breezes, and sometimes as forcefully as storms.

TAEGEUK 6 (YOOK) JANG - Taeguek 6 Jang is a series of actions applying the principle of Kam of 8 symbols. This means water. Water is a liquid and formless. Water never loses it's nature. It always flows downward. This principle teaches the lesson that we can overcome difficulties and hardship if we go forward with self-confidence.

TAEGEUK 7 (CHIL) JANG - Taeguek 7 Jang is a series of actions applying the Kan principle of 8 symbols. Kan means "top stop." It symbolizes a mountain. We should stop when we should and we must go forward when we must; moving and stopping should match with time in order to achieve things. A mountain never moves. Man must learn the stability of a mountain. We should not act in a hasty manner. This principle is well adapted to Tae Kwon Do. Though fast actions seem fine, we should know where and when to stop.

TAEGEUK 8 (PAL) JANG - Taeguek 8 Jang is a series of actions applying the Kon principle of 8 symbols. Kon symbolizes the earth. The earth is the source of life. Things take life from it and grow on it, drawing limitless energy from it. The earth is where the creative force of heaven is embodied. The earth is always wordless; it hugs and grows everything. The 8 Jang is the grader's last round of training, and a stepping stone to the way of a Dan-holder. Here you brush up fundamental actions and review them.